By James R. Ehleringer, Thure Cerling, M. Denise Dearing
Dependent in vast learn in geology, atmospheric technological know-how, and paleontology, this ebook bargains a close background of CO2 within the surroundings, and an figuring out of things that experience inspired adjustments some time past. The textual content illuminates the position of atmospheric CO2 within the sleek carbon cycle and within the evolution of crops and animals, and addresses the long run position of atmospheric CO2 and its most likely results on ecosystems.
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Extra resources for A History of Atmospheric CO2 and Its Effects on Plants, Animals, and Ecosystems (Ecological Studies)
P. Sengupta. 1998. New capitosaurid amphibians from the middle Triassic Denwa Formation of Satpura Gondwanas, central India. Alcheringa 22: 317–27. 2. , ed. 1983. Coalﬁelds of India: Coal resouces of Madhya Pradesh, Jammu, and Kashmir. Geological Society of India Bulletin 3:195–98. L. 1967. The Indian Gondwana formations: A review. In Gondwana stratigraphy, International Union of Geological Sciences Symposium, Buenos Aires, 1–15 October 1967, ed. J. Amos, 201–68. Paris: United Nations Educational, Scientiﬁc, and Cultural Organizations.
2. The molecular structures of C37:2 and C37:3 alkenones. phyrocapsa oceanica (Volkman et al. 1995). The most commonly observed structures are the C37, C38, and C39 methyl and ethyl ketones (de Leeuw et al. , Brassell et al. 1986; Reviewed by Brassell 1993; Sachs and Lehman 1999). Rechka and Maxwell (1988a, b) conﬁrmed the trans conﬁguration of the double bonds and suggested this property makes them more resistant to biological degradation. , 1997a; 1997b, 2002); there is, however, evidence that under certain conditions, the more unsaturated forms may be lost preferentially (Freeman and Wakeham 1992; Gong and Hollander 1999).
Sedimentary Geology 119:25–45. , A. E. F. Dennis. 1995. Palaeoenvironments of the dinosaur-bearing lameta beds (Maastrichtian), Narmada valley, central India. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 117:123–54. J. A. Thorp-Lee, A. L. Lanham, R. Smith, 34 Prosenjit Ghosh et al. A. S. Monteiro. 1990. Changes in carbon isotope ratios in the late Permian recorded in the therapsid tooth apatite. Nature 347:751–53. W. L. Betancourt. 1994. Trends in stomatal density and 13C/12C ratios of Pinus ﬂexilis needles during last glacial-interglacial cycles.