Pollution

Acid in the environment : lessons learned and future by Gerald R. Visgilio, Diana M. Whitelaw

By Gerald R. Visgilio, Diana M. Whitelaw

This booklet is the results of a convention held biannually on the Goodwin-Niering middle for Conservation Biology and Environmental experiences at Connecticut collage. It makes use of an interdisciplinary method of specialize in vital ecological affects of acid deposition. The publication combines learn findings and the coverage analyses of specialists from diversified educational disciplines with the positions complicated through representatives of varied nongovernmental companies.

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Extra info for Acid in the environment : lessons learned and future prospects

Sample text

The final aspect of policy and political lessons to be addressed here is the notion of whether the reduction in sulfur emissions through the cap-andtrade program in the Clean Air Act amendments has been successful. From one perspective, the answer is obviously yes. An enormous amount of sulfur that would have been emitted into the atmosphere has not been, and the overall cost of compliance with the targets is lower than they would have been under standard command and control regulations. However, as other chapters in this volume point out, there are still substantial numbers of acidified lakes and damaged forests in the northeastern United States.

Driscoll et al. ^s^Cy---^^^^'^^^ 20 18 "Z. 0 \ 20 15 < £ 10 5 15 CO . 10. Time series of predictions with the acidification model PnET-BGC of changes in stream chemistry at Hubbard Brook to changes in past and potential future emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides, including the 1990 Amendments of the Clean Air Act and moderate and aggressive emission control scenarios. Shown are model-predicted stream concentrations of sulfate, nitrate, acid neutralizing capacity, pH and dissolved inorganic aluminum, and soil percent base saturation.

These steps could not have been taken without a central office that was strong enough and visible enough to ensure that there was some management consistency across a multitude of efforts. 4. Career Lessons Finally, I will touch on some career lessons that stem from my experience with NAPAP. One of the interesting features of many of the people involved with NAPAP was how relatively inexperienced so many of them were. Of course, there were senior agency managers involved in each agency. But there was also a plethora of junior, early and mid-career employees in each agency, many of whom had been entrusted with a great deal of authority and responsibility.

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