By Jens C. Frisvad, Ulf Thrane, Robert A. Samson, John I. Pitt (auth.), A. D. Hocking, J. I. Pitt, Robert A. Samson, U. Thrane (eds.)
This e-book represents the lawsuits of the 5th foreign Workshop on foodstuff Mycology, which used to be hung on the Danish island of Samsø from 15-19 October, 2003. This sequence of Workshops c- menced in Boston, united states, in July 1984, from which the lawsuits have been released as tools for Mycological exam of nutrients (edited by way of A. D. King et al. , released through Plenum Press, ny, 1986). the second one Workshop was once held in Baarn, the Netherlands, in August 1990, and the lawsuits have been released as smooth equipment in meals Mycology (edited by means of R. A. Samson et al. , and released by means of Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1992). The 3rd Workshop was once held in Copenhagen, Denmark, in 1994 and the Fourth close to Uppsala, Sweden, in 1998. The court cases of these workshops have been p- lished as clinical papers within the foreign magazine of meals Microbiology. foreign Workshops on foodstuff Mycology are held below the auspices of the foreign fee on meals Mycology, a fee lower than the Mycology department of the foreign Union of Microbiological Societies. information of this fee are given within the ultimate bankruptcy of this e-book. This 5th Workshop used to be organised by way of Ulf Thrane, Jens Frisvad, in keeping with V. Nielsen and Birgitte Andersen from the guts for Microbial Biotechnology, Technical college of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, v vi Foreword Denmark.
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Melanoconidium is common in cereals (Frisvad and Samson, 2004b), but it is not known whether this species can produce penitrem A in infected cereals. Minor sources. P. glandicola, P. clavigerum, and P. janczewskii are further producers of penitrem A (Ciegler and Pitt, 1970; Frisvad and Samson, 2004b; Frisvad and Filtenborg, 1990), but have been recovered from foods only sporadically. 10. , 1987). It is unstable in cheese (Teuber and Engel, 1983), but it may be produced in silage and other substrates.
52:15-23. Adebajo, L. , 1992, Spoilage moulds and aflatoxins from poultry feeds, Nahrung 36:523-529. Atalla, M. , Hassanein, N. , El-Beih, A. , and Youssef, Y. , 2003, Mycotoxin production in wheat grains by different Aspergilli in relation to different humidities and storage periods, Nahrung 47:6-10. Bennett, J. , and Klich, M. , 2003, Mycotoxins, Clin. Microbiol. Rev. 16:497-516. , and Ehrlich, K. , 2002, Toxins of filamentous fungi, in: Fungal Allergy and Pathogenicity, M. J. Breitenbach, R.
Patulin Patulin is generally very toxic for both prokaryotes and eukaryotes, but the toxicity for humans has not been conclusively demonstrated. Several countries in Europe and the USA have now set limits on the level of patulin in apple juice. Major sources. Penicillium expansum is by far the most important source of patulin. P. expansum is the major species causing spoilage of apples and pears, and is the major source of patulin in apple juice and other apple and pear products. , 2005). Important Mycotoxins and the Fungi Which Produce Them 19 Penicillium griseofulvum is a very efficient producer of high levels of patulin in pure culture, and it may potentially produce patulin in cereals, pasta and similar products.