Pollution

Air Pollution and Human Cancer by Lorenzo Tomatis (auth.), Lorenzo Tomatis (eds.)

By Lorenzo Tomatis (auth.), Lorenzo Tomatis (eds.)

Air pollutants and Human Cancer analyzes the facts for the potential contribution of pollution to the foundation of human melanoma. distinctive specialists in a number of parts of melanoma study file on: - pollution and melanoma: an previous and a brand new challenge; - resources, nature and degrees of air pollution; - size and tracking of person exposures; - experimental facts for the carcinogenicity of air pollution; - epidemiological proof on pollution and melanoma; - melanoma possibility estimation and prevention.

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Environ Sci Technol 1988 (22):931-941 Duinker C, Bouchertall F: On the distribution of atmospheric polychlorinated biphenyl congeners between vapor phase, aerosol and rain. Environ Sci Technol1989 (23):57-62 Jones KC, Bennett: Human exposure to environmental polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans: an exposure committment assessment for 2,3,7,8-TCDD. Sci Total Environ 1989 (78):99-116 Erickson MD, Swanson SE, Flura JD, Hinshaw GD: Polychlorinated dibenzofurans and other thermal combustion products from dielectric fluids containing polychlorinated biphenyls.

1 (over oceans) to 10 Bq/m 3 (1 Bq=27 pCi). The concentration of radon varies widely in different parts of the world. High concentrations of radon have been noted especially in areas where terrestrial gamma radiation is high. Radon and its daughters are usually present in a particle-bound form. Exposure to Carcinogens Indoors Few data are available on the concentration of particle-bound carcinogens such as metals, asbestiform fibres and PAHs in indoor air. , below 1,000 fibres/m 3 ), unless it was used as coating material [1].

2. Estimated geometric mean values of 11 toxic compounds in daytime (6:00 am - 6:00 pm) air samples for the population of Elizabeth and Bayonne, New Jersey, USA, between September and November 1981. Personal air estimates (black bars) based on 340 samples; outdoor air estimates (hatched bars) based on 88 samples. Reproduced with permission from ref. 5 Levels of pollutants differ by season and by the hour of day, depending on the source of emission. For most of the volatile organic chemicals measured in the TEAM study, the indoor concentrations exceeded the outdoor concentrations (about 2-fold), and when clear indoor sources of emission existed, the nonoccupational indoor concentrations were much (sometimes up to 100 times) higher [5].

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